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MAY 2020

How to Reduce Your Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The challenges posed by climate change can feel overwhelming at times, but we all have the ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in our day-to-day lives.

Combating climate change seems like a big job, but we can all play a part. Changes in personal behavior, accompanied by more wide-ranging policy shifts, can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help mitigate the worst effects of climate change. Try implementing some of these suggestions today, and share this list with friends and neighbors. Every little bit counts.

1) Perform a home energy audit

  • Hiring a professional auditor can help you save emissions and money. A professional auditor will determine where your home is losing energy and suggest ways to increase your home’s efficiency. The New Jersey Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program offers financial incentives on energy efficient improvement packages. See the website for details and availability.
  • If you’re not ready for a professional audit, conduct one yourself. Steps include scanning for drafts, checking your insulation, and ensuring that your heating and cooling systems are running as efficiently as possible. Visit for more information (;

2) Choose renewable energy

  • You don’t need solar panels on your house to switch to renewable energy. Thanks to New Jersey’s energy deregulation law, it’s easy for consumers to opt for renewable electricity like solar or wind power by choosing from a list of third-party suppliers. See the NJ Board of Public Utilities website for details (

3) Buy energy-efficient appliances

  • When shopping for home appliances, opt for Energy Star-labeled products, which are certified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to be more energy efficient.
  • Simple changes in home appliances can have a big impact. LED lights, for example, save at least 75% more energy than incandescent lights and last 25 times longer. New Jersey’s Clean Energy Program offers rebates on a wide range of energy efficient appliances and lighting. Visit the Clean Energy Program website for lists of qualifying models.
  • Unplug appliances when you’re not using them to prevent unnecessary energy consumption.

4) Conserve energy

  • The default setting for many hot water heaters is 140°F. Simply turning the thermostat down to 120°F can significantly reduce your energy use and potentially save you hundreds of dollars on your annual energy bill, and you will hardly notice the difference.
  • Be sure your furnace is routinely cleaned and maintained to operate at peak efficiency.
  • Wash laundry in cold water instead of hot.
  • Choose ways to keep cool during hot weather that consume less electricity, like using fans instead of air conditioning, making sure your home is properly insulated, and taking cold showers.

5) Reduce household waste

  • reduce reuse recycleEvery step in the life cycle of common household products, from production to disposal, adds greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. You can help reduce these emissions by limiting purchases of new products and reusing old ones.
  • Opt for reusable and used goods rather than new and disposable products.
  • Switch to reusable products, like metal water bottles, and products without plastic packaging, like shampoo bars.
  • By some estimates, the fashion industry accounts for 10% of the world’s carbon emissions. Choose fewer, longer-lasting items, or hunt for chic thrift-store finds to minimize emissions, save money, and keep yourself looking spiffy.
  • Recycling materials often uses far less energy than making new materials from raw ingredients. Be sure to recycle all eligible waste and sort your recycling according to your town’s guidelines.

1) Prioritize plants

  • Limit meat. That steak your digging into comes with a hefty side dish of greenhouse gases. Switching to a plant-rich diet, including high-protein foods such as beans, nuts, and whole grains can significantly reduce food-related greenhouse gas emissions.

2) Support sustainable agriculture

  • According to the EPA, agriculture accounts for 9% of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. But not all agriculture is created equal. Regenerative agriculture, for example, is an approach that leaves aside intensive, one-crop farming and synthetic fertilizer to instead maximize crop diversity and soil nutrients. This approach reduces greenhouse gas emissions and enhances the soil’s capacity to sequester carbon. Also consider how much processing and packaging goes into the food you buy, and the distance traveled from farm to market. Generally speaking, foods with the fewest fossil-fuel inputs are the most climate-wise choice.

3) Reduce food waste
According to Project Drawdown, a stunning one-third of the world’s food is never eaten, and the agricultural and production costs of this wasted food account for up to 8% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Rethink how you purchase food and buy only the amount your family can eat to minimize waste. Prepare and freeze excess food, or make something to serve to friends and neighbors, rather than discarding it.
  • Compost food scraps, with the exception of meat. When organic waste decomposes in landfills, it produces methane, a potent greenhouse gas. In contrast, composting allows microbes to break down organic matter, creating a nutrient-rich mulch for your home garden.
Vegetables at farmers market

Transportation is the largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in New Jersey. Limiting automobile use or switching to renewable energy is a particularly powerful way to reduce your overall greenhouse gas emissions.

1) Reduce car use

  • Walk or ride your bike instead of driving, and support local initiatives to create more and safer opportunities for pedestrians and cyclists.

2) Choose mass transit

  • Take the bus or train instead of driving, and encourage local officials to invest in mass transit.

3) Make driving more efficient

  • Consider buying an electric vehicle and powering it with renewable energy. Federal and state incentives can help offset the cost.
  • Reduce emissions by keeping the engine tuned, tires properly inflated, and limiting excess weight.
  • Avoid speeding, aggressive acceleration and braking, and excess idling. It’s the safe thing to do and the best choice for the environment.

4) Limit air travel

  • Whenever possible, opt for train or bus travel instead of short-haul flights. Better yet, avoid air travel altogether by telecommuting.

1) Encourage local officials to invest in sustainability

  • Support green spaces, parks, and healthy ecosystems. Natural areas such as marshes and forests serve as “carbon sinks” that absorb carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Urban parks – especially those with abundant tree cover – provide much-needed shade, reduce the “heat island effect,” and have the extra benefit of creating places for recreation and community gatherings.
  • Support efforts to invest in public transportation, renewable energy, and cyclist- and pedestrian-friendly communities.

Meet the Climate Corps

Angel Alguera, Rutgers Climate CorpsAngel Alguera
I am a first-year Atmospheric Science master’s degree student in the Department of Environmental Sciences, and my work focuses on meteorology and applications of climate change resiliency. My professional interests include severe weather forecasting and community preparedness regarding weather-related disasters. I work with Dr. James Shope at the NJ Climate Change Resource Center to produce applied research and reports relevant to New Jersey stakeholders. I currently assist with climate change data analysis, large dataset management, and report writing.

Daniel GilkesonDaniel Gilkeson
I’m a second-year master’s student in the City and Regional Planning Program with a concentration in environmental planning. As a planner, I hope to build more resilient communities in the face of increased risk due to climate change. With the Climate Change Resource Center, I am working on a project to aid the state in an update of its floodplain buyout program, known as Blue Acres, to be more proactive and comprehensive. Prior to this position, I interned in the Community and Economic Development Office at the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Association. I’m also an AmeriCorps alum, having completed a year of service working on affordable housing in Nashville, Tennessee.

Benjamin GoldbergBenjamin Goldberg
I am a second-year Master of City and Regional Planning student concentrating in climate adaptation and resiliency planning, with experience in sustainable food systems. I joined the Climate Corps last summer to help develop a GIS-based food waste recovery tool, and currently support community resilience through flood vulnerability analysis. I hold a B.A. from Middlebury College and a Certificate in Ecological Horticulture from UC Santa Cruz.

Surya Jacob, Rutgers Climate CorpsSurya Jacob
I am a graduate student in the Master of City and Regional Planning program at the Bloustein School concentrating in community development, focused on housing, land and finance, as well as pursuing the Real Estate Development/Redevelopment Certification. Prior to Bloustein, I worked as an architect and interior designer in India and Canada and am pivoting towards a career in urban planning to engage in extensive projects at the macro level. My interests include affordable and mixed income housing, urban redevelopment, and housing finance, and I am deeply passionate about climate resilience in community planning. Being part of Climate Corps is a foundational step towards helping to solve equity issues in vulnerable communities along the coastal region.

Vineesh Das Kodakkandathil, RutgersVineesh Das Kodakkandathil
I am an urban planner with five years of professional experience in community-led ecotourism development and land use and environment management planning in ecologically sensitive areas. I have worked on and conducted extensive environmental sensitivity analyses, flood and landslide vulnerability assessments, and human impact assessments with the help of GIS tools. I’m currently pursuing my master’s in City and Regional Planning at Bloustein School with a concentration in Transport Planning and GIS.

Douglas LeungDouglas Leung
I am working with the Climate Change Resource Center to identify vulnerable communities and places affected by climate-induced flooding in coastal New Jersey municipalities. I am a Master of City and Regional Planning candidate at the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers University. As a planner, I want to develop strategies and solve problems affecting our cities and communities that enable more equitable outcomes in housing and transportation. I am also a recent Army veteran, having served as a company commander of recruiting in the northern suburbs of Chicago and as a reconnaissance platoon leader in the 10th Mountain Division. For fun, I enjoy weightlifting, running, reading fiction, and board games.

Nihar MhatreNihar Mhatre
I am a master’s candidate in city and regional planning at Rutgers University’s Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, focusing on urban design and land use planning. Before being accepted at Rutgers, I worked as an architect at JD Studio and had my own architectural practice, Vastu Insights. My research interests revolve around designing and developing climate change adaptation and resilience strategies to promote equity in urban landscapes. Having the opportunity to work on real-world projects through Climate Corps will be an essential step in the development of my understanding of addressing climate change issues in vulnerable regions.

Justin MorrisJustin Morris
Justin is a master’s student at Rutgers University studying discovery informatics and data sciences. He is working under Professor Mark Rodgers to develop an optimization model that will act as a decision support tool for university financial investments with the end goal of eliminating Rutgers’ scope 2 emissions. He is excited to apply his background in data analytics and mathematical programming to help the university fight climate change.

Josephine O'GradyJosephine O’Grady
I am a first-year student in the Master of Public Policy program. Through the Coastal Climate Risk and Resilience (C2R2) certification, I am focusing a significant portion of my graduate coursework on topics including coastal geomorphology, environmental justice, and hazard mitigation planning. Before beginning my studies at the Bloustein School, I received my bachelor’s degree in public health from Kean University, where I first became interested in how coastal dynamics shape lived experiences. I previously served as an intern at the New Jersey State Policy Lab and currently work for the Megalopolitan Coastal Transformation Hub (MACH) team.

Jessica Parineet Jessica Parineet
I am a first-year Master of Public Policy student at the Bloustein School with a strong interest in climate change policy and related topics. In my previous work, I gained experience in a number of dimensions of climate change issues through carbon capture storage research, urban heat island research, and community level engagement as I am currently on the Student Advisory Board for the Rutgers Office of Climate Action. I am excited to expand on my interests in environmental justice and local level resilience planning through my involvement in the Climate Corps.

Dillon Patel Dillan Patel
I am a second-year Master of City and Regional Planning student concentrating in Environmental Planning and International Development. I have previously worked as an economist performing cost-benefit analysis and conducting monitoring and evaluation for renewable energy in developing countries. I have also spent a summer in western Massachusetts mapping stormwater infrastructure and working with planners to identify suitable places for green stormwater infrastructure.

Moira Sweeder, Rutgers Climate CorpsMoira Sweeder
I am a graduate student enrolled in the Master of City and Regional Planning program at the Bloustein School. My concentration is environmental planning with a focus on coastal resilience. Before pursuing my master’s degree at Rutgers, I studied sustainability at Stockton University. During this time, I interned for the PSEG Institute of Sustainability Studies, the Jacques Cousteau National Estuary Research Reserve, and NJ Audubon. I am thrilled to now be a part of the Climate Corps, researching coastal resilience as a part of the Megalopolitan Coastal Transformation Hub (MACH) team.

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